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PUBLICATIONS

F4B Initiative and partner publications

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11 January 2022, 00:00:00

Breaking the Environmental Crimes-Finance Connection

F4B

Publisher:

This report presents Finance for Biodiversity’s (F4B) analysis and recommendations on how to break the connection between environmental crimes and finance.

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6 October 2021, 23:00:00

Aligning Development Finance with Nature’s Needs: The role of government shareholders of development banks

F4B

Publisher:

This paper analyses the duties of governments in relation to nature and the supervision of public development banks (PDBs). It also appraises the powers available to government shareholders to direct PDB management: to improve risk management practices related to nature dependency; and, to reduce impact on nature.

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6 October 2021, 23:00:00

Aligning Development Finance with Nature’s Needs: Estimating the nature-related risks of development bank investments

F4B

Publisher:

This report is an updated and expanded version of the one released in November 2020 ahead of the inaugural Finance in Common Summit. It uses readily available data to estimate the dependency of development banks’ balance sheets on vulnerable nature (‘dependency risk’), alongside the potential damage to nature from their lending activities (‘nature at risk’).

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1 September 2021, 23:00:00

Making Finance Work for Food: Financing the Transition to a Sustainable Food System

F4B

Publisher:

This report describes the current state of the nexus between the global food and financial systems and explores how the two can be better aligned to deliver an inclusive, healthy, and environmentally sustainable food system. It maps out how global finance can be shaped to support the needed transition.

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1 September 2021, 23:00:00

Making Finance Work for Food: Literature Review & Survey of the Data

F4B

Publisher:

Based on over 400 institutional and academic publications, this literature review outlines the major ongoing debates on the Food-Finance Nexus and centralizes references to the most relevant publications. It is one of the most extensive reviews of the food-finance literature undertaken to date.

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28 July 2021, 23:00:00

Nature Performance Bonds - Frequently Asked Questions

F4B

Publisher:

F4B has compiled answers to some of the most frequently asked questions about Nature Performance Bonds to help issuers and investors navigate these developments.

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15 July 2021, 05:00:00

Greenness of Stimulus Index - 6th Edition

F4B, Vivid Economics

Publisher:

The Greenness of Stimulus Index (GSI) assesses the effectiveness of the COVID-19 stimulus efforts by G20 countries and ten other nations in ensuring an economic recovery that takes advantage of sustainable growth opportunities, and builds resilience through the protection of the climate and biodiversity. This assessment represents the final GSI update in its current form. The policies in this release are current as of 30 June 2021. The previous release was published in February 2021.

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13 July 2021, 23:00:00

Nature’s next stewards - Why central bankers need to take action on biodiversity risk

WWF

Publisher:

A new report from WWF, with contributions from F4B, highlights the urgency for central banks and financial supervisors to act on the risk of unprecedented nature loss.

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23 June 2021, 23:00:00

Governing Voluntary Carbon Markets: Enhancing the ability of the TSVCM to contribute to climate
goals

F4B, Climate Advisers, Partner

Publisher:

F4B believes that The Taskforce for Scaling the Voluntary Carbon Market's (TSVCM) can be strengthened by additions to the Mandate and Terms of Reference of the Governance Body. Our suggestions set out in this note and co-developed with Climate Advisers, will help build trust in the Voluntary Carbon Market, strengthen its governance so it is best able to meet the challenges that lie ahead and so ensure that the work of the Taskforce achieves the success it deserves.

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9 June 2021, 10:00:00

Fund Nature, Fund the Future
EU Recovery Plans miss the triple win opportunity for nature, climate & the economy

Partner, Vivid Economics

Publisher:

This report from Vivid Economics provides quantitative analysis of ten EU National Resilience and Recovery Plans (NRRPs) and finds that they miss a major opportunity to invest in a nature-positive recovery. The NRRPs aim to mitigate the economic and social impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and build a more sustainable and cohesive Europe-wide economy. While the NRRPs largely deliver on the climate agenda, they do not form a coherent response to the multiple crises of climate change, biodiversity loss and the economic ramifications of COVID-19.

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26 May 2021, 23:00:00

The Climate-Nature Nexus
Implications for the Financial Sector

F4B

Publisher:

‘The Climate-Nature Nexus’ takes a practical look at where climate- and nature-related risks and opportunities do and don’t overlap; what that means for the investment potential of different sectors and solutions; and how much of the nature problem financial institutions address if they cover climate well.

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25 May 2021, 11:00:00

Values-Based Pathways Toward Financial Materiality for Biodiversity

F4B, Partner

Publisher:

This paper examines the origins of values and, in particular, values for nature. It looks at how nature values are embodied in guiding principles for society, and explores how some widely-held values have been material within the financial sector. This paper is authored by James Leape of Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment and Morrison Mast of the Stanford Graduate School of Business, on behalf of the Finance for Biodiversity (F4B) initiative.

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9 April 2021, 11:00:00

Debt and Biodiversity: A Chinese Leadership Opportunity

F4B

Publisher:

This paper sets out the opportunity for China to engage in developments linking debt and biodiversity. It argues for a rapid and ambitious approach for China to develop Nature Performance Bonds (NPBs).

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25 February 2021, 05:00:00

Greening Sovereign Debt: New Paper: Building a Nature and Climate Sovereign Bond Facility

F4B

Publisher:

White paper setting out a proposal for a Nature and Climate Bond facility to ofrer governments and investors a means to recognise nature’s contribution to long-term sustainability and economic performance, at the same time providing urgent solutions to the debt crisis.

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12 February 2021, 00:00:00

5th Greenness of Stimulus Index Report

F4B

Publisher:

The Greenness of Stimulus Index (GSI) assesses the effectiveness of the COVID-19 stimulus efforts by G20 countries and ten other nations in ensuring an economic recovery that takes advantage of sustainable growth opportunities, and builds resilience through the protection of the climate and biodiversity.

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11 February 2021, 00:00:00

The Urgency of Biodiversity Action

Partner

Publisher:

Report submitted as evidence to the independent Dasgupta Review, by Vivid Economics The Urgency of Biodiversity Action compares the cost to the world’s governments of two strategies for achieving forest conservation goals by 2050: acting now or putting action off for a decade.

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11 February 2021, 00:00:00

The Dasgupta Review: What it Means for the Global Financial System

F4B

Publisher:

The Finance for Biodiversity Initiative response to the Dasgupta Review on the Economics of Biodiversity. This note compares the Dasgupta Review’s recommendations with our framework and makes detailed policy recommendations.

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17 December 2020, 00:00:00

Fourth Edition Greenness of Stimulus Index

F4B

Publisher:

The Greenness of Stimulus Index (GSI) assesses the effectiveness of the COVID-19 stimulus efforts by G20 countries and other major economies in ensuring an economic recovery that takes advantage of sustainable growth opportunities, and builds resilience through the protection of the climate and biodiversity. December 2020 edition of the Greenness of the Stimulus Index

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4 November 2020, 00:00:00

Aligning Development Finance with Nature's Needs

F4B

Publisher:

Aligning Development Finance with Nature’s Needs: Protecting Nature’s Development Dividend” uses readily available data to estimate the dependency of development finance institutions’ (DFIs’) collective balance sheet on vulnerable nature (“dependency risk”), alongside the potential damage to nature from their lending activities (“nature at risk”). 

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29 October 2020, 00:00:00

Third Edition Greenness of Stimulus Index

F4B

Publisher:

The Greenness of Stimulus Index (GSI) assesses the effectiveness of the COVID-19 stimulus efforts by G20 countries and other major economies in ensuring an economic recovery that takes advantage of sustainable growth opportunities, and builds resilience through the protection of the climate and biodiversity. October 2020 edition of the Greenness of the Stimulus Index

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20 October 2020, 08:00:00

Aligning Global Finance with Nature’s Needs: A Framework for Systemic Change

F4B

Publisher:

This briefing sets out six recommendations for a systemic framework to aligning finance to nature by changing processes, capabilities and expertise, liabilities, incentives, controls, standards and flows of data.

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23 September 2020, 08:00:00

Second edition Green Stimulus Index

F4B

Publisher:

The Greeness of Stimulus Index (GSI) assesses the effectiveness of the COVID-19 stimulus efforts by G20 countries in ensuring an economic recovery that takes advantage of sustainable growth oppor-tunities, and builds resilience through the protection of the climate and biodiversity (Latest edition)

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22 September 2020, 23:00:00

The Case for a Task Force on Nature-related Financial Disclosures

Partner

Publisher:

This report by Global Canopy and Vivid Economics in support of the Task Force for Nature Related Financial Disclosures (TNFD) Initiative outlines why tackling nature-related risks is an urgent priority for the finance sector, and how a Task Force on Nature-related Financial Disclosures can help.

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9 September 2020, 17:00:00

Recapitalising Sovereign Debt: Policy Briefing

Publisher:

This policy briefing summarises sets out the case for developing Nature Performance Bonds, to use the opportunity of debt restructuring to provide incentives for measurable environmental outcomes.

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9 September 2020, 17:00:00

Recapitalising Sovereign Debt: Technical Paper

F4B

Publisher:

This technical paper sets out an approach to link the cost of sovereign debt with success in protecting or enhancing a country’s valued, productive natural capital.

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14 August 2020, 16:00:00

First Edition Green Stimulus Index

F4B

Publisher:

The Green Stimulus Index (GSI) assesses the effectiveness of the COVID-19 stimulus efforts in ensuring an economic recovery that takes advantage of sustainable growth opportunities, and is resilient to climate and biodiversity. It provides a method to gauge the current impact of the COVID-19 responses, to track countries’ progress over time, and to identify and recommend measures for improving the effectiveness of those responses.

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31 July 2020, 23:00:00

The emergence of foreseeable biodiversity-related liability risks for financial institutions: A gathering storm?

Partner

Publisher:

This report by the Commonwealth Climate and Law Initiative seeks to provide guidance on the nature and extent of litigation and legal risks that should be considered in determining the potential materiality of biodiversity. It proposes a framework by which biodiversity-related legal liability risks should be considered by financial sector supervisors and participants .

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20 July 2020, 14:30:00

Green Employment and Growth: Integrating climate change and biodiversity into the response
to COVID-19

F4B

Publisher:

This note is part of a series looking at climate change and biodiversity considerations in economic responses to COVID-19.

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19 June 2020, 12:30:00

Emerging market debt crisis: biodiversity as a lever for building back better

F4B

Publisher:

This technical paper presents options for advancing the place of biodiversity in sovereign debt. It argues for the implementation of performance-based debt instruments like bonds tied in part to environmental outcomes.

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20 May 2020, 13:30:00

Integrating climate change and biodiversity into the response to COVID-19: Bailout measures

F4B

Publisher:

Finance for Biodiversity - Integrating climate change and biodiversity into the response to COVID-19: Bailout measures

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29 April 2020, 18:30:00

Integrating climate change and biodiversity into the response to COVID-19: International financial flows

F4B

Publisher:

Finance for Biodiversity - Integrating climate change and biodiversity into the response to COVID-19: International financial flows

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20 April 2020, 13:30:00

Towards a Common Framework at the Nexus of Financing and Biodiversity

F4B

Publisher:

Robin Smale and Simon Zadek have released a White Paper to promote dialogue between initiatives working on finance and biodiversity. The 2020s will be pivotal for nature. This common framework aims to unify messaging, assist prioritisation of action and improve communication across initiatives, all within a systemic approach.

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1 March 2020, 09:00:00

Fintech for Biodiversity: A Global Landscape

Partner

Publisher:

By Green Digital Finance Alliance - The report maps the fintech for biodiversity landscape, then looks at the potential to re-purpose fintech from adjacent verticals to innovate biodiversity finance, and then looks specifically at new and emerging data sets offered by digital technology to drive financial decision-making. Its insights can be used to design avenues to apply these emerging approaches to scale biodiversity finance by addressing the specific investment challenges presented by nature-based assets.
Date: March 2020

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