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PUBLICATIONS

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Wed Oct 06 2021 23:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)

Aligning Development Finance with Nature’s Needs: The role of government shareholders of development banks

This paper analyses the duties of governments in relation to nature and the supervision of public development banks (PDBs). It also appraises the powers available to government shareholders to direct PDB management: to improve risk management practices related to nature dependency; and, to reduce impact on nature.

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Wed Oct 06 2021 23:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)

Aligning Development Finance with Nature’s Needs: Estimating the nature-related risks of development bank investments

This report is an updated and expanded version of the one released in November 2020 ahead of the inaugural Finance in Common Summit. It uses readily available data to estimate the dependency of development banks’ balance sheets on vulnerable nature (‘dependency risk’), alongside the potential damage to nature from their lending activities (‘nature at risk’).

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Wed Sep 01 2021 23:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)

Making Finance Work for Food: Financing the Transition to a Sustainable Food System

This report describes the current state of the nexus between the global food and financial systems and explores how the two can be better aligned to deliver an inclusive, healthy, and environmentally sustainable food system. It maps out how global finance can be shaped to support the needed transition.

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Wed Sep 01 2021 23:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)

Making Finance Work for Food: Literature Review & Survey of the Data

Based on over 400 institutional and academic publications, this literature review outlines the major ongoing debates on the Food-Finance Nexus and centralizes references to the most relevant publications. It is one of the most extensive reviews of the food-finance literature undertaken to date.

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Wed Jul 28 2021 23:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)

Nature Performance Bonds - Frequently Asked Questions

F4B has compiled answers to some of the most frequently asked questions about Nature Performance Bonds to help issuers and investors navigate these developments.

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Thu Jul 15 2021 05:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)

Greenness of Stimulus Index - 6th Edition

The Greenness of Stimulus Index (GSI) assesses the effectiveness of the COVID-19 stimulus efforts by G20 countries and ten other nations in ensuring an economic recovery that takes advantage of sustainable growth opportunities, and builds resilience through the protection of the climate and biodiversity. This assessment represents the final GSI update in its current form. The policies in this release are current as of 30 June 2021. The previous release was published in February 2021.

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Tue Jul 13 2021 23:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)

Nature’s next stewards - Why central bankers need to take action on biodiversity risk

A new report from WWF, with contributions from F4B, highlights the urgency for central banks and financial supervisors to act on the risk of unprecedented nature loss.

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Wed Jun 23 2021 23:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)

Governing Voluntary Carbon Markets: Enhancing the ability of the TSVCM to contribute to climate
goals

F4B believes that The Taskforce for Scaling the Voluntary Carbon Market's (TSVCM) can be strengthened by additions to the Mandate and Terms of Reference of the Governance Body. Our suggestions set out in this note and co-developed with Climate Advisers, will help build trust in the Voluntary Carbon Market, strengthen its governance so it is best able to meet the challenges that lie ahead and so ensure that the work of the Taskforce achieves the success it deserves.

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Wed Jun 09 2021 10:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)

Fund Nature, Fund the Future
EU Recovery Plans miss the triple win opportunity for nature, climate & the economy

This report from Vivid Economics provides quantitative analysis of ten EU National Resilience and Recovery Plans (NRRPs) and finds that they miss a major opportunity to invest in a nature-positive recovery. The NRRPs aim to mitigate the economic and social impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and build a more sustainable and cohesive Europe-wide economy. While the NRRPs largely deliver on the climate agenda, they do not form a coherent response to the multiple crises of climate change, biodiversity loss and the economic ramifications of COVID-19.

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Wed May 26 2021 23:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)

The Climate-Nature Nexus
Implications for the Financial Sector

‘The Climate-Nature Nexus’ takes a practical look at where climate- and nature-related risks and opportunities do and don’t overlap; what that means for the investment potential of different sectors and solutions; and how much of the nature problem financial institutions address if they cover climate well.

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Tue May 25 2021 11:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)

Values-Based Pathways Toward Financial Materiality for Biodiversity

This paper examines the origins of values and, in particular, values for nature. It looks at how nature values are embodied in guiding principles for society, and explores how some widely-held values have been material within the financial sector. This paper is authored by James Leape of Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment and Morrison Mast of the Stanford Graduate School of Business, on behalf of the Finance for Biodiversity (F4B) initiative.

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Fri Apr 09 2021 11:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)

Debt and Biodiversity: A Chinese Leadership Opportunity

This paper sets out the opportunity for China to engage in developments linking debt and biodiversity. It argues for a rapid and ambitious approach for China to develop Nature Performance Bonds (NPBs).

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Thu Feb 25 2021 05:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)

Greening Sovereign Debt: New Paper: Building a Nature and Climate Sovereign Bond Facility

White paper setting out a proposal for a Nature and Climate Bond facility to ofrer governments and investors a means to recognise nature’s contribution to long-term sustainability and economic performance, at the same time providing urgent solutions to the debt crisis.

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Fri Feb 12 2021 00:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)

5th Greenness of Stimulus Index Report

The Greenness of Stimulus Index (GSI) assesses the effectiveness of the COVID-19 stimulus efforts by G20 countries and ten other nations in ensuring an economic recovery that takes advantage of sustainable growth opportunities, and builds resilience through the protection of the climate and biodiversity.

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Thu Feb 11 2021 00:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)

The Urgency of Biodiversity Action

Report submitted as evidence to the independent Dasgupta Review, by Vivid Economics The Urgency of Biodiversity Action compares the cost to the world’s governments of two strategies for achieving forest conservation goals by 2050: acting now or putting action off for a decade.

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Thu Feb 11 2021 00:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)

The Dasgupta Review: What it Means for the Global Financial System

The Finance for Biodiversity Initiative response to the Dasgupta Review on the Economics of Biodiversity. This note compares the Dasgupta Review’s recommendations with our framework and makes detailed policy recommendations.

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Thu Dec 17 2020 00:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)

Fourth Edition Greenness of Stimulus Index

The Greenness of Stimulus Index (GSI) assesses the effectiveness of the COVID-19 stimulus efforts by G20 countries and other major economies in ensuring an economic recovery that takes advantage of sustainable growth opportunities, and builds resilience through the protection of the climate and biodiversity. December 2020 edition of the Greenness of the Stimulus Index

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Wed Nov 04 2020 00:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)

Aligning Development Finance with Nature's Needs

Aligning Development Finance with Nature’s Needs: Protecting Nature’s Development Dividend” uses readily available data to estimate the dependency of development finance institutions’ (DFIs’) collective balance sheet on vulnerable nature (“dependency risk”), alongside the potential damage to nature from their lending activities (“nature at risk”). 

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Thu Oct 29 2020 00:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)

Third Edition Greenness of Stimulus Index

The Greenness of Stimulus Index (GSI) assesses the effectiveness of the COVID-19 stimulus efforts by G20 countries and other major economies in ensuring an economic recovery that takes advantage of sustainable growth opportunities, and builds resilience through the protection of the climate and biodiversity. October 2020 edition of the Greenness of the Stimulus Index

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Tue Oct 20 2020 08:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)

Aligning Global Finance with Nature’s Needs: A Framework for Systemic Change

This briefing sets out six recommendations for a systemic framework to aligning finance to nature by changing processes, capabilities and expertise, liabilities, incentives, controls, standards and flows of data.

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Wed Sep 23 2020 08:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)

Second edition Green Stimulus Index

The Greeness of Stimulus Index (GSI) assesses the effectiveness of the COVID-19 stimulus efforts by G20 countries in ensuring an economic recovery that takes advantage of sustainable growth oppor-tunities, and builds resilience through the protection of the climate and biodiversity (Latest edition)

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Tue Sep 22 2020 23:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)

The Case for a Task Force on Nature-related Financial Disclosures

This report by Global Canopy and Vivid Economics in support of the Task Force for Nature Related Financial Disclosures (TNFD) Initiative outlines why tackling nature-related risks is an urgent priority for the finance sector, and how a Task Force on Nature-related Financial Disclosures can help.

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Wed Sep 09 2020 17:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)

Recapitalising Sovereign Debt: Policy Briefing

This policy briefing summarises sets out the case for developing Nature Performance Bonds, to use the opportunity of debt restructuring to provide incentives for measurable environmental outcomes.

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Wed Sep 09 2020 17:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)

Recapitalising Sovereign Debt: Technical Paper

This technical paper sets out an approach to link the cost of sovereign debt with success in protecting or enhancing a country’s valued, productive natural capital.

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Fri Aug 14 2020 16:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)

First Edition Green Stimulus Index

The Green Stimulus Index (GSI) assesses the effectiveness of the COVID-19 stimulus efforts in ensuring an economic recovery that takes advantage of sustainable growth opportunities, and is resilient to climate and biodiversity. It provides a method to gauge the current impact of the COVID-19 responses, to track countries’ progress over time, and to identify and recommend measures for improving the effectiveness of those responses.

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Fri Jul 31 2020 23:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)

The emergence of foreseeable biodiversity-related liability risks for financial institutions: A gathering storm?

This report by the Commonwealth Climate and Law Initiative seeks to provide guidance on the nature and extent of litigation and legal risks that should be considered in determining the potential materiality of biodiversity. It proposes a framework by which biodiversity-related legal liability risks should be considered by financial sector supervisors and participants .

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Mon Jul 20 2020 14:30:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)

Green Employment and Growth: Integrating climate change and biodiversity into the response
to COVID-19

This note is part of a series looking at climate change and biodiversity considerations in economic responses to COVID-19.

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Fri Jun 19 2020 12:30:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)

Emerging market debt crisis: biodiversity as a lever for building back better

This technical paper presents options for advancing the place of biodiversity in sovereign debt. It argues for the implementation of performance-based debt instruments like bonds tied in part to environmental outcomes.

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Wed May 20 2020 13:30:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)

Integrating climate change and biodiversity into the response to COVID-19: Bailout measures

Finance for Biodiversity - Integrating climate change and biodiversity into the response to COVID-19: Bailout measures

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Wed Apr 29 2020 18:30:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)

Integrating climate change and biodiversity into the response to COVID-19: International financial flows

Finance for Biodiversity - Integrating climate change and biodiversity into the response to COVID-19: International financial flows

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Mon Apr 20 2020 13:30:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)

Towards a Common Framework at the Nexus of Financing and Biodiversity

Robin Smale and Simon Zadek have released a White Paper to promote dialogue between initiatives working on finance and biodiversity. The 2020s will be pivotal for nature. This common framework aims to unify messaging, assist prioritisation of action and improve communication across initiatives, all within a systemic approach.

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Sun Mar 01 2020 09:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)

Fintech for Biodiversity: A Global Landscape

By Green Digital Finance Alliance - The report maps the fintech for biodiversity landscape, then looks at the potential to re-purpose fintech from adjacent verticals to innovate biodiversity finance, and then looks specifically at new and emerging data sets offered by digital technology to drive financial decision-making. Its insights can be used to design avenues to apply these emerging approaches to scale biodiversity finance by addressing the specific investment challenges presented by nature-based assets.
Date: March 2020

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